Understanding Bottom-Up Territories of Culture in Unequal Cities

Autors/ores

  • Claudia Seldin TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITÄT BERLIN https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4542-0450
  • Caio César de Azevedo Barros FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF RIO DE JANEIRO
  • Pedro Vítor Costa FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF RIO DE JANEIRO
  • Victória Michelini FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF RIO DE JANEIRO

Resum

‘Contestation’ is a term often used to describe various kinds of conflict in 21st-Century urban areas. Yet Urban planning literature lacks a cultural approach to such resistance — an oversight that this paper seeks to redress. We argue that the concept of ‘contested territories of culture’ plays a key role in the informal construction of urban areas, highlighting them as heterogeneous drivers of ‘contestation’ and the fight for rights in Latin America’s inequality-riven cities. The authors use two methodological approaches to define said ‘contestation’: (1) contextual analysis of
the literature on the concept of ‘territories’ to discover their cultural character, and (2) ethnographic analysis of a case study on Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The example of the Realengo Flyover Cultural Center, a cultural appropriation of a leftover site under a flyover on Rio’s outskirts, shows the complexity of improvised, bottom-up squatting through cultural activities. The study reveals the need to understand these territories in order to draw up more equitable public policies and urban plans. It also highlights that such territories are both culturally rich and socially vulnerable.

Descàrregues

Les dades de descàrrega encara no estan disponibles.

Referències

Ahnen, R. E. (2008). The Politics of Police Violence in Democratic Brazil. Latin American Politics and Society, 49(1),

-164. doi: 10.1111/j.1548-2456.2007.tb00377.x

Alves, J. A. (2020). Biópolis, Necrópolis, Blackpolis. Geopauta, 4(1), 2594-5033. doi:10.22481/rg.v4i1.6161

Angin, T. (2011). Jakarta Leftover Spaces. Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, 12(4), 568-583. doi:10.1080/14649373.2011.603919

Aral, E. (2009). Redefining Leftover Space. Saarbrücken: VDM.

Barros, C. C. A. (2020). Do Bronx a Realengo: Uma Etnografia na ‘Sagrada Terça-Feira Rap’ do Espaço Cultural Viaduto

de Realengo. Master thesis, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro.

Bastos, I. (2012). Consórcio da CCR Assume a Transolímpica. O Globo, April 20. https://oglobo.globo.com/rio/transito/

consorcio-da-ccr-assume-transolimpica-4694935, access 12 August 2020.

Bey, H. (2018). Temporary Autonomous Zone. São Paulo: Veneta.

Bonnemaison, J. (1981). Voyage Autour du Territoire. Espace Géographique,10(4), 249-262. doi: 10.3406/spgeo.1981.3673

De Certeau, M. (1994). L'Invention du Quotidien. Petrópolis: Vozes.

Canclini, N. G. (2019) A Culture of Informality. Urban Studies, 56(3), 488-493. doi:10.1177/0042098018782635

Cano, I. (2013). Violence and Organized Crime in Brazil. In Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung & R. Schönenberg (Eds.),

Transnational Organized Crime (pp. 179-188). Bielefeld: Transcript.

Clarke, F. (2015). Maps Show Racial Segregation in Rio de Janeiro. Rio on Watch, November 12. https://www.

rioonwatch.org/?p=25311, access 10 October 2020.

Das, V. (2007). Life and Words. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Debarbieux, B. (1999). Le Territoire: Histoires en Deux Langues. In C. Chivallon, P. Ragouet & M. Samers (Eds.),

Discours Scientifique et Contextes Culturels (pp. 33-46). Bourdeaux: MSHA.

Delaney, D. (2005). Territory. Oxford: Blackwell.

Flores, M. (2007). La Identidad Cultural del Territorio Como Base de una Estrategia de Desarrollo Sostenible. Revista

Opera, 7, 35-54.

Frémont, A. (1980). A Região, Espaço Vivido. Coimbra: Almedina.

Foucault, M. (2008). Security, Territory, Population. São Paulo: Martins Fontes.

Fukuyama, F. (1992). The End of History and the Last Man. New York: Free Press.

Garcia, A. (2019). Brazil Under Bolsonaro. Journal of Global Faultlines, 6(1), 62-69. doi:10.13169/jglobfaul.6.1.0062

Haesbaert, R. (2004). O Mito da Desterritorialização. Rio de Janeiro: Bertrand.

Haraway, D. (1988). Situated Knowledges. Feminist Studies, 14(3), 575-599.

Hesse-Biber, S., Leavy, P. and Yaiser, M., Eds. (2004). Feminist Perspectives on Social Research. New York: Oxford

University Press.

Hollanda, H. B. (2012). Usos da Cultura. Sistema & Gestão, 7, 134-142. doi:10.7177/sg.2012.v7.n2.a1

IPP. (2018). Data Rio (online). http://www.data.rio/app/bairros-cariocas, access 6 August 2020.

Lindón, A. (2019). The Lived City. Geographica Helvetica, 74, 31-39. doi:10.5194/gh-74-31-2019

López, M. (2016). Paisajes Hídricos Urbanos en Disputa. Medellín: Rocco Gráficas.

Massey, D. (1999). Imagining Globalization. In A. Brah, M. Hickman, & M. Ghaill (Eds.), Global Futures (pp. 27-44).

London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Massey, D. (2005). For Space. London: Sage.

Mbembe, A. (2003). Necropolitics. Public Culture, 15(1), 11-40. doi:10.1215/08992363-15-1-11

McFarlane, C. (2019). Urban Fragments: A Subaltern Studies Imagination. In T. Jazeel & S. Legg (Eds.), Subaltern

Geographies, (pp. 210-230). Athens: University of Georgia Press.

Pecqueur, B. (2005). Le Développement Territorial. In F. Giraut & B. Antheaume (Eds.), Le Territoire est Mort, Vive

Les Territoires (pp. 295-316). Marseille: IRD.

Pinheiro-Machado, R. and Scalco, L. (2020). From Hope to Hate: The Rise of Conservative Subjectivity in Brazil.

HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory, 10(1), 21–31. doi:10.1086/708627

Porto-Gonçalves, C. (2001). Geo-grafías. Movimientos Sociales y Nuevas Territorialidades y Sustentabilidad. Mexico:

Siglo XXI.

Porto-Gonçalves, C. (2008). De Saberes e de Territórios. In A. Ceceña (Ed.), De los Saberes de la

Emancipación y de la Dominación (pp. 37-52). Buenos Aires: CLACSO.

Raffestin, C. (1980). Pour une Géographie du Pouvoir. Paris: LITEC.

Rocha, A. B., Barros, C. C. A. and Santos, E. R. F. (2018). ‘Desescondendo’ a Cultura da Zona

Oeste. In L. F. Vaz & C. Seldin, Culturas e Resistências na Cidade (pp. 157-171). Rio de Janeiro:

Rio Books.

Rolnik, R. (2007). Territórios Negros nas Cidades Brasileiras. In R. E. dos Santos (Ed.).

Diversidade, Espaço e Relações Étnico-Raciais, 75-90. Belo Horizonte: Autêntica.

Roy, A. 2005. Urban Informality. Journal of the American Planning Association, 71(2), 147-158.

doi:10.1080/01944360508976689 Santos, M. (2006). A Natureza do Espaço. São Paulo: USP.

Saquet, M. (2018). A Perspective of Counter-Hegemonic Analysis and Territorial Transformation.

Geographica Helvetica, 73, 347-355. doi:10.5194/gh-73-347-2018

Satgé, R. and Watson, V. (2018). Urban Planning in the Global South. Cham: Springer.

Seldin, C. (2018). Culture, Temporary Uses and Unusual Spaces in Rio de Janeiro. In A. Oliveira &

M. Garcia-Ruiz,

Proceedings of the TICYUrb IV (pp. 127-139). Lisbon: ISCTE.

Seldin, C., Barros, C. C. A., Costa, P. V. and Gavinho, T. I. (2020). Peripheral Creativity:

Temporary Cultural Uses as Alternatives to Inefficient Policies? International Journal of Cultural

Policy, 26(6), 771-790. doi:10.1080/1028663 2.2020.1811246

Schwarz, A. and Streule, M. (2020). Introduction - Contested Urban Territories: Decolonized

Perspectives. Geographica Helvetica, 75, 11-18. doi:10.5194/gh-75-11-2020

Silva, D. F. (2014). Ninguém: Direito, Racialidade e Violência. Meritum, 9(1), 67-117.

Vaz, L. F. (2007). Ações Culturais em Favelas Cariocas. Cadernos PPGAU/FAUFBA,5(1): 27-39.

Vaz, L. F. (2018). A Cultura e o Território: Uma Reflexão Sobre os Espaços Opacos Cariocas. In L.

F. Vaz & C. Seldin (Eds.), Culturas e Resistências na Cidade (pp. 25-41). Rio de Janeiro: Rio

Books.

Velho, G. (2001). Biografia, Trajetória e Mediação. In G. Velho & K. Kuschnir (Eds.), Mediação,

Cultura e Política (pp. 13- 28). Rio de Janeiro: Aeroplano.

Vicino, T. and Fahlberg, A. (2017). The Politics of Contested Urban Space. Journal of Urban

Affairs, 39(7), 1001-1016. doi:10.1080/07352166.2017.1323545

Virilio, P. (1998). La Bombe Informatique. Paris: Galileé.

United Nations. (2019). Relatório do Desenvolvimento Humano. New York: PNUD.

Yiftachel, O. and Ghanem, A. (2004). Understanding ‘Ethnocratic’ Regimes: The Politics of Seizing

Contested Territories.

Political Geography, 23(6), 647-676. doi:10.1016/j.polgeo.2004.04.003

Zibechi, R. (2015). Territórios em Resistência. Rio de Janeiro: Consequência.

Descàrregues

Publicades

2023-12-13

Com citar

Seldin, C. ., de Azevedo Barros, C. C., Vítor Costa, P. and Michelini, V. (2023) “Understanding Bottom-Up Territories of Culture in Unequal Cities”, Debats. Revista de cultura, poder i societat, 2023(8). Available at: https://revistadebats.net/article/view/6415 (Accessed: 17 June 2024).

Número

Secció

SPECIAL ISSUE 1